The Ladies Jolink

Gerritdina “Gerrie” Jolink

a.k.a.“Juf Gerrie”

born 20 Dec 1888, Varseveld, Wisch, Gelderland, Netherlands

died 2 Feb 1945, Ravensbrück, Brandenburg, Germany

Hermina “Minnie” Jolink

a.k.a. “Juf Minnie”

born 9 May 1891, Varsseveld, Wisch, Gelderland, Netherlands

died 29 Nov 1944, Ravensbrück, Brandenburg, Germany

The Ladies Jolink

The Ladies Jolink are the sisters Gerritdina & Hermina Jolink, daughters of Fredrik Willem Jolink & Hendrika Hermina Hofman. They were born late in the 19th century. Both took up teaching as their profession, like their father before them. They were teachers at the Christelijke Nationale School (Christian National School) in Varsseveld.

They never married, and lived together in the parental house on the Aaltenscheweg in Varsseveld, which was later renamed the Dames Jolinkweg. They lived there together with their brother Gerard Jolink. Their parents had seven children, but most siblings died early.

The Ladies Jolink employed two maids, Drika Veerbeek and Grada Klanderman; Drika Veerbeek, born 30 May 1913 is known as the “Grote Meid” (Large Maid) and Grada Klanderman, born 20 Jun 1926 is known as the “Kleine Meid” (Small Maid).

During the Second World War, the Ladies Jolink formed part of the underground resistance in Varsseveld, and harboured several fugitives, including several related Jewish families. The Ladies Jolink operated a doorgangshuis; most of these families stayed only a short while, before moving on to more permanent hiding places.

There were quite a few people in the resistance movement. It was at Hendrik Satter's house in the hamlet Sinderen in Wisch, in 1943 January, that a meeting of the main distribution group behind the illegal newspaper Vrij Nederland (Free Netherlands) took place in which they decided to create a new illegal publication. The first issue of Trouw (Allegiance) was published on 1943 Jan 19. It would become a major Dutch newspaper.

resistance in Varsseveld

Their was active resistance in and around Varsseveld, a large network of people of all walks of life.

The first meeting of the Landelijke Organisatie voor onderduikers (Country Organisation for persons in hiding) took place in Hendrik Satter's house. The core of the organisation, W. Duthler, Hendrik Satter, H. Klanderman, J. Migchelbrink, B. Jansen & Reip Knottnerus formed there.

Coenraad Cees “Kees” Poulie, an official member of the marechausee (constabulary), would warn the resistance of any planned razzias, that up until 1944 September some 700 people, including some 150 Jews, found hiding places in and around Varsseveld After 1944 September, that number increased to some two thousand.

Baker John Linus Wisselink in Lintelo provided bread without asking for ration coupons or money. Joost Johannes Gerardus Boot, the mayor of Wisch was ostensibly cooperating with Germans, but secretly helping the resistance.

On 1944 Jan 4, German anti-aircraft artillery brings down the American 92nd Bombardment Group, 326th Squadron, B-17F 42-31016 “Sweet Sixteen” on a bomb run to Kiel.

The plane crashed in Vinkwijk in Bergh. The radio operator is killed in action. The rest of the crew makes it out alive.

When second lieutenant Ford W. Babcock comes down on farmland De Hutte in Sinderen of the family Doornink, it seems impossible to get him to safety. Many people, including a collaborator, have already seen him. Still, mayor Boot and Kees Paulie devise and execute a plan to let him escape. For this plan to succeed, Poulie has to blow his cover. The plan succeeds, a month later they receive word that the pilot made it safely to Lisbon, but that evening 300 Germans hold a razzia. Kees Poulie becomes a wanted man. He remains active in the resistance for a while, but soon Kees Poulie and his fiancée Annie Droog try to get England via Belgium, France and Portugal, but they are betrayed by Willy Marcus. They are arrested and transferred to a prison in Kleef and later Vught. She is sent to concentration camp Ravensbrück. He is tortured, sentenced to death and finally executed with others in the dunes at Overeen on 1944 June 6 - D-Day.

All the sources listed below refer to Babcock as the pilot. I discovered that he was in fact the bombardier* B-17G 42-31016 “Sweet Sixteen” crew:
2Lt. Joseph C. Hughes, pilot
2Lt. Bromby S. Westlake, co-pilot
2Lt. Albert Stern, navigator
2Lt. Ford W. Babcock, bombardier
S/Sgt. Richard L. Martin, radio operator
S/Sgt. John P. Tonon, top turret gunner
Sgt. William W. Ward, ball turret gunner
Sgt. Harold Kurlanshik, left waist gunner
Sgt. John S. Toth, right waist gunner
Sgt. Raymond M. Milcsik, tail gunner
. After his escape, he was recaptured in Belgium, where he spent time in the St. Gilles prison in Brussels. He escaped together with 2Lt. John J. Bradley who had been shot down on 1943 Nov 5 when the Germans evacuated the prison and the train that was deporting them to Germany was derailed by the resistance.

guests and passers-through

the Kern Group

Wolf Kern
  1. married to Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald.
    1. f. Frieda Kern.
    2. f. Sjunka Kern.
    3. f. Bracha Kern.
    4. f. Margula “Gusta” Kern, born 13 Mar 1908, Nowotanice, Poland.
    5. f. Regina “Rivka” Kern.

Many families who came to Varsseveld. were related to each other; relatives heard from and followed each other.

This family Kern did not come as a single family. The children had already married and formed families of their own. Frieda Kern had married Bernard Lindwer, Sjunka Kern had married Bernhard Moczydlower, Margula “Gusta” Kern had married Henry “Harry” Mulder and Regina “Rivka” Kern had married Sander Israëls. This is how the families Lindwer, Moczydlower, Mulder and Israëls are related to each other. Together these families are known as the Kern Group.


Bernard Lindwer
  1. married to Frieda Kern.
    1. m. Janos Lindwer, alias Joop “Jopie” Lindwer.
    2. m. Willy Lindwer.

When, in early 1942, Bernard Lindwer receives word from Poland that his mother and sister have been murdered, he decides that he must try to avoid deportation to the East. When the summons comes, he tries to become a member of the Joodse Raad (Jewish Council). The secretary tells him that they cannot help him, and advises him to flee. In the Summer of 1942, they goes into hiding at the farm of Bart Hoftiezer in Varsseveld, together with her parents, her sister Sjunka Kern and her husband Bernhard Moczydlower. Their child Jopie Lindwer moved through several hiding places outside Varsseveld before finding a permanent hiding place with farmer Eenink on the Heelweg.


Bernhard Moczydlower
  1. married to Sjunka Kern.
    1. m. Leo Moczydlower.

Bernhard Moczydlower & Sjunka Kern go into hiding at the farm of Bart Hoftiezer, where they are later joined by Bernard Lindwer and Frieda Kern.

Their child Leo Moczydlower is placed with teacher Van Braak on the Aaltenscheweg.


Henry “Harry” Mulder, born 10 Jan 1912, Amsterdam, died 31 Jul 1944
  1. married to Margula “Gusta” Kern, born 13 Mar 1908, Nowotanice, Poland died 6 Mar 1944, Auschwitz.

Harry Mulder and Gusta Kern initially stay at C, across the street from Bart Hoftiezer. C he starts to demands huge amounts of hush-money, which they simply do not have. They move to farm de Mossele of Bernhard Wikkerink & Dina Messink.

After an unsuccessful raid on the farm in 1943, they are moved to De Huisstede of Johan te Lindert & Dina Bulsink, close to Hendrik Satter's farm.

When the farm is betrayed by G. S., de Sicherheitsdienst raids the farm on Sunday 1943 December 12, and keeps searching for five hours until they find the hiding place, and it it, Alfred Wolf, Harry Mulder and Gusta Mulder-Kern. Earlier that night, Amalia Mestriz-Wolf, Henriëtte Wolf-de Winter and Jenni Wolf-Schwartz were arrested at S.'s house. Their husbands had been rounded up in 1941 October already. Willy Lindwer, a child of Bernard Lindwer and Frieda Kern would later investigate the betrayal of his aunt and uncle in his 2004 documentary Goodbye Holland: The Destruction of Dutch Jewry. G. S. has betrayed them to claim ownership of her parent's house. On De Huisstede, the children Bennie Mestritz and Pietje Steinhardt are not found.

Farmer Johan te Lindert is knocked about, arrested and imprisoned, first in Arnhem, later in Kamp Amersfoort, but is released in 1944 July. Alfred Wolf manages to escape in Arnhem; he is arrested again, is a tailor in a concentration camp for a while and dies there from an infection. The widows Wolf are transported to Westerbork and then to Auschwitz, were they are killed on 1944 Jan 28. Gusta Mulder-Kern is transported to Auschwitz and dies there on 1944 Mar 6. Harry Mulder dies somewhere in Central Europe on 1944 Jul 31.


Sander Israëls
  1. married 11 Jun 1940, in Amsterdam to Regina “Rivka” Kern alias Regina Bottema; daughter of Wolf Kern & Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald.

Sander Israëls was a physician. From 1941 May 1 onwards he was not allowed to practice anymore, because he was Jewish. That year, Regina's brothers die after receiving erroneous injections. When she needs to be hospitalised she assumes the family name Bottema. When the hospital is cleared out, she happens to be in the conservatory, and thus escapes being led away. They decide to go into hiding, and follow her sister Frieda Kern to Varsseveld.

They initially stay with C, but soon fear for their safety, and move to Johan Breukelaar & Mina Rhebergen on the Aaltenscheweg, neighbours of the Ladies Jolink.

Jansen & Bangma

No genealogy available yet* According to John Breukelaar, Reint Bangma is a grand-nephew of the Ladies Jolink, but the relationship is not documented in Halte Varsseveld and I have not found it yet..

Jan Janssen & Reint Bangma are seaman from the West of the Netherlands. Reint Bangma is a grand-nephew of the Ladies Jolink. They stay with the Ladies Jolink. Reint Bangma manages to cross to England, sends a coded message through Radio Oranje to let everyone know he arrived safely, and Jan Janssen follows him.

Two other seaman that stayed with the Ladies Jolink are Nicolaas Gitz & Jan Roos.


Nicolaas Walter Gitz, born 18 Apr 1921, Paramaribo, West-Indies (Surinam), died 16 Feb 1944, Varsseveld; son of Nicolaas Gitz & Catharina Washington-Taylor

Nicolaas Walter Gitz is an officer in the merchant service. He serves the resistance as a marconist and regularly visits the Ladies Jolink to use the radio transmitter hidden in their atttic, and later moves in with them.

As a student of the school of navigation, he is working on a Dutch ship. As part of the arbeidseinsatz, the Germans make the ship haul wood from Scandinavia. He complies, hoping to escape in Sweden. He jumps overboard, but the Swedish police pick up him. He pretends to have fallen overboard and the police bring him back to the ship. He sails back to the Netherlands, but he manages to escape the service after all. On 1942 Jul 10 he goes into hiding at the farm of the family Duitshof in Varsseveld. At night, he joins the resistance in armed raids that free prisoners from their camps. On 1943 May 6 Nico Gitz moves to the family Klanderman on the farm Het Woltershuus. On 1943 Aug 24 he moves on to family Ten Grotenhuis on farm Den Grooten Hoogen. Around the turn of the year he moves to the Ladies Jolink.

At that time, other people hiding at the Ladies Jolink are the Jewish couples Barend Cozijn & Liesje Cozijn-Groen, Karel Meents & Suze Meent-Valencia from Amsterdam, and Rafaël Hirsch, Maurits Lutteraan and Heintje Lutteraan.


Barend Cozijn, born 6 May 1909, Amsterdam, died 31 Jul 1944, Auschwitz; son of Abraham Cozijn & Sippora Premseler.
  1. married 10 Jan 1934, in Amsterdam to Anna Elisabeth “Liesje” Groen, born 11 Dec 1909, Amsterdam
    daughter of David Groen & Mina Gosselaar.
    1. f. Sineke “Sinie” Cozijn, born 10 Apr 1937, Amsterdam, died 6 Mar 1944, Auschwitz.

Liesje Groen's parents, David Groen and Mina Gosselaar are rounded up in 1942. The last she hears from them is a letter sent from the camp in Westerbork. They decide to leave Amsterdam and find a hiding place with the Ladies Jolink. Their daughter Sineke Cozijn is placed with family Wikkerink at farm De Mossele. The last they hear from his sister Selma Cozijn and her husband Sander van Gelder is a postcard thrown from the deportation train from Westerbork to Auschwitz, where they arrive on 1943 November 19. Selma Cozijn is gassed that same day, Sander van Gelder dies on 1945 Feb 4. Their daughter Rosetta “Rita” van Gelder is safe at an address in Leiden.


Karel Meents, born 22 Nov 1904, Amsterdam; son of Marcus Meents & Esther Polka
  1. married 10 Jan 1934, Amsterdam to Suze “Saartje” Valenca, born 1 Nov 1906, Bercken, Belgium; daughter of David Valenca & Betje Groen.
    1. m. Robert “Rob” Meents. Living.
    2. f. Mary Meents. Living.

Suze Valenca is a nice of Liesje Groen. They stay with the Ladies Jolink. When Sineke Cozijn is moved to the family Wikkerink at farm De Mossele, Rob Meents is moved to the farm Klein Entink while Mary Meents is moved to the family Houwers at farn De Brasse, not far from Wikkerink. After a while, Karel Meents & Suze Cozijn join Mary Meents at Klein Entink.

Van Baale-Meents

Raphael van Baale, born 27 Sep 1888, Amsterdam; son of Meijer van Baalen & Klaartje Altenberg
  1. married 5 Feb 1915, Amsterdam to Betje Meents, born 19 May 1887, Amsterdam, died 6 Mar 1944 in Auschwitz; daughter of Marcus Meents & Esther Polka
    1. f. Klara van Baale, born 24 Jun 1915, Amsterdam, died 31 Jul 1944 in Auschwitz.
    2. m. Marcus van Baale, born 23 Mar 1917, Amsterdam, died 31 Dec 1944 in Blechammer.

Betje van Baale-Meents is an sister of Karel Meents. She and her daughter come to Varsseveld and stay at the Ladies Jolink for a while before moving on to another hiding place.


Rafaël Mesjoelem “Rafa” Hirsch, born 28 Jan 1905, Zwolle; son of Samuel Juda Hirsch and Betty Wormser.

Rafaël Hirsch is the first-born son of the chief rabbi of the province of Overijssel, Samuel Juda Hirsch and Betty Wormser. Samuel Juda Hirsch dies in 1941 and is buried on the Jewish Cemetery in Berkum near Zwolle.

Deportations of Jews in Zwolle starts on 1942 October 2. Many members of the large Hirsh-Wormser family are rounded up and sent to the concentration camp in Westerbork. At that time, deportations are taking place in eight of the eleven provinces; only Noord-Holland, Zuid-Holland and Utrecht are “safe”. Rafaël Hirsch moves to the Judenviertel in Amsterdam. The Judenviertel is a Jewish ghetto the Germans created, which the Jews are only allowed leave if they have a hard to get stamp on their identity card. These stamps were only given if the Jewish Council declared the bearer to be indispensable for the Jewish community. Razzias are frequent. On 1943 May 20 all the Jews without the stamp hav to report to the barracks of the constabulary, to be transported to Westerbork and onwards.

The few remaining members of the family Hirsch have obtained falsified papers confirming their Paraquan citizenship. The Germans do suspect these papers to be false, becuase of the surprising number of Paraquans in Amsterdam, but do not immediately deport them to Auschwitz. Instead, they keep them on hand for an exchange with German prisoners of war in Paraguay - but family does not escape. They too, are transported to Westerbork and on to “vorzuglagerBergen-Belsen.

Just in time, Rafaël Hirsch decides to into hiding, and moves in with the Ladies Jolink.


There were eight children, four of them were still alive at the beginning of WWII. Levi Lutteraan, born 1 May 1855, Zwolle, died 19 Feb 1943, Zwolle
  1. married 2 Jun 1881 in Zwolle to Susanna Davidson, born 26 Nov 1851, Zwolle, died 25 May 1927, Zwolle
    1. m. Maurits Lutteraan, born 7 Apr 1886, Zwolle, died 6 Mar 1944, Auschwitz.
    2. m. Helena Lutteraan, born 14 Jun 1887, Zwolle, died 2 Jul 1943, Sobibor.
    3. f. Heintje Lutteraan alias “Marie” born 15 Feb 1890, Zwolle, died 30 apr 1979, Zwolle.
    4. f. Mietje Lutteraan; born 15 Feb 1890, Zwolle.
    5. m. David Lutteraan; born 15 Nov 1895, Zwolle, died 18 Oct 1942, Poland.

Maurits Lutteraan and Heintje Lutteraan live with their father in Zwolle. Their mother, Susanna Lutteraan-Davidson is already deceased when their father Levi Lutteraan dies on 1943 Feb 19. Nothing ties them to Zwolle anymore, and they move to Varsseveld to live with the Ladies Jolink. Heintje Lutteraan assumes the name “Marie” to mislead the Germans.

The family Hirsch and Lutteraan probably heard about the Ladies Jolink from the family Hofman in Zwolle; the Hofman are family of the Ladies Jolink on their mother's side.


the raid

In 1944 February the people hiding at the Ladies Jolink are Nico Gitz, Maurits Lutteraan and Heintje Lutteraan (“Marie”), Rafaël Hirsch, Barend Cozijn, Liesje Groen and their daughter Sineke Cozijn; Sineke Cozijn is visiting. Brother Gerard Jolink is elsewhere.

Bernard Jansen of farm 't Klooster brought Sineke Cozijn along when he came by to tip the Ladies Jolink of about upcoming razzias. Father and mother Cozijn decide that they want her daughter to be with them in case of razzia, so she stays. However, mother Liesje Groen is has a serious cold, and worries about infecting her daughter; coughing might give them away. They therefore decide that Liesje will sleep at their neighbours, the family Breukelaar. Marie Lutteraan joins her.

Around 5 o'clock in the morning of Febraruy 16 a Sicherheitsdienst commando from Ommen perform a raid. While two man force their way into the house, a third goes to warn the police. They discover the attic with the transmitter and Nico Gitz. On the ground floor, Nico Gitz tries to come to rescue of the Ladies Jolink who are being molested. He attacks with the seaman's dagger he always carries and tries to grab his pistol. One shot wounds the German, but at the same time landwacht Kerkdijk shoots Nico Gitz in head, and he dies on the spot. More fighting takes place and more shots are fire. The Jewish men are seriously wounded; one was shot through the jaw, the other through the lung. One of the Germans has been shot through the hand.

Everyone is arrested. Mayor Boot is summoned, and tries to put in a good word to rescue Ladies Jolink; their brother is not in full mental health and the ladies are rather simple people too. It would be best not to talk too much about it and move the ladies elsewhere. The Jews are rounded up, the Ladies Jolink are moved a few houses down the round, to the family of Johan Heijerman. The house of the Ladies Jolink is sealed.

The neighbours have been awakened and look on through the window. Under the eye of the Germans the Ladies Jolink come to their kitchen door to ask to take care of their dog Sjennie.


Rafaël Hirsch, Maurits Lutteraan, Barend Cozijn and Sineke Cozijn are moved to the town hall, to be transported to Westerbork. Against all the advice given to them, the Ladies Jolink print an obituary card for Nico Gitz, defiantly calling him their foster-son, and mentionin that hij stierf voor zijn vaderland (he died for his country). Half the village of Varsseveld joins the funeral procession. Nico Gitz is buried on the Algemene Begraafplaats (General Cemetery) in Varsseveld, next to two English pilots. After the war, his brother Eelo has him reburried on the Ereveld (Field of Honour) in Loenen.


The defiant obituary card seals their fate. Mayor Boot lets the Ladies Jolink know that the Germans have decided to deport them. He informs them of the day and time they will be rounded up, thus hinting that it would be best for them to go into hiding themselves, but the Ladies Jolink do not want to do so. With passive religious conviction that God will provide, they await the arrival of the constabulary. On February 22 they are arrested and accompanied to the town hall. They have dressed themselves in black and wear orange cockades, well aware that these had been outlawed. The next day they are transported to Arnhem. Mayor Boot travels to Arnhem to try and get them released, but on May 5 they are marched to camp Vught. Their sentence is half a year imprisonment. In Vught they meet Annie Droog again. The camp Ausserin makes her read the newspaper message about the execution by firing squad of her fiancée Kees Poulie.


The school board of the Christelijke Nationale School in Varsseveld is informed that miss Jolink has been firedied On June 2, camp Vught is cleared out because of the approaching Allied Forces ; some four hundred women are put on transport to Ravensbück.. The Ladies Jolink are put to work in the Breikommando (knitting command), where they have to knit socks for the Wehrmacht, and in the atelier where they have to repair uniforms. The Hygiene is non-existent, food is poor, and there are no medicines. A weakened Minnie Jolink dies on 1944 Nov 29 from dysentery. In her last hours, she is supported by Helern Kuiper-Rietberg, “Tante Riek”, who herself dies on 1944 Dec 27.

Gerrie Jolink dies on 1945 Feb 22, officially from a weak heart, but that was the usual reason given in official obituaries from the camp.


Rafaël Hirsch dies on 1944 Dec 5 in Bergen-Belsen. He meets his brother Bentsion Baruch “Bents” Hirsch there. Bents Hirsch, his wife and their twins live to see the Germans clear out the camp in the 1945 April, but before the Allied Forces arrive they are all moved into three trains. They are moved east to keep them out of Allied hands. The SS intends to throw the first train into the Elbe. The journey ends in Tröbritz, some sixty kilometre from Leipzig, where the Russian army liberates the passengers, but Bents Hirsch is already dead. He died along the way, near Senftenberg and when the train stops, he is buried along the roadside.


Sineke Cozijn and Maurits Lutteraan die on 1944 Mar 6 in Auschwitz. That same day in the same camp Betje van Baalen-Meents is killed as well. Barend Cozijn and Betje's daugther Klara van Baalen are gassed on 1944 Jul 31.


Father Kern

Father Wolf Kern dies on 1944 Apr 8 and is buried in secret. After the war, he is reburied at the Jewish Cemetery in Muiderberg. Sjunka Moczydlower-Wolf's son Leo Moczydlower is hiding with schoolteacher Theodoor Christiaan van Braak and his wife Willemina Everdina Raterink on the Aaltenscheweg.

Van Braak & Leo Moczydlower

On 1944 Apr 30 the SS comes to search for a Jewish boy. They are not fooled by the four-year old's bleached hair. They pull down his pyjama pants to reveal his circumcission, a clear sign that he is Jewish. Leo Moczydlower is taken away and sent to Bergen-Belsen and later sent on to Theresiëenstadt, from which we would later be liberated.

Theodoor Christiaan Van Braak is sent to concentration camp Oraniënburg, from where he is transported to Grosz Rosen near Breslau, where he dies of pneumonia on 1944 Dec 31.

the Kern group

In the summer of 1944, a bombs drops in meadow of Bart Hoftiezer's farm. Several windows break. Widow Basje Kern-Wald, Frieda Lindwer-Kern & Bernard Lindwer, Sjunka Moczydlower-Kern & Bernhard Moczydlower flee the farm and move in with the family Breukelaar, where the pregnant Regina Israëls-Kern is staying. Farmer Bart Hoftiezer shows the Germans that there is no one hiding at his farm.

After the Summer, the remaining members of the Kern family move to pastor Reip Knottnerus's rectory Mauritshove, to go and live in the henhouse, with the exception of widow Basje Kern-Wald, who hides with Van Braak on the Halseweg.


On 1944 Sep 13, after the now infamous air landing near Arnhem (“A Bridge too far”), mayor Boot is ordered to find five hundred people to build positions for the German defence. He does not want to do so, gets on his bike and hides with family in Huizen. On 1944 Sep 19, The Germans burn his villa in Terborg down and appoint an new mayor, J. Boll. Collaborator Herman Kranen becomes loco mayor and threatens Knottnerus that he and his family will be among the first to be punished if not enough people come forward. Pastor Knottnerus goes into hiding and German troops are quartered in the Mauritshove. His wife and son remain and they manage to use the presence of the Germans as a protective shield for those in the henhouse.

On 1944 oct 27, Bart Hoftiezer is rounded up to go and work in Bocholt and Süderwick, just across the Dutch=German border. With him gone, the farm is deemed safe for the Kern again.


Breukelaar is forced to offer his shop space as a depot for the Todt (Death). Meanwhile, Sander Israëls & the pregnant Regina Israëls-Kern are still hiding in the house.

The Breukelaar rent a room at the front of the house to Margaretha Elisabeth “Gré” de Jager, the new teacher who comes the fill vacancy left by Jolink. Her presence provides cover for the family Israëls. When Regina is about to give birth, Pennings takes her with horse and cart to the hospital in Doetinchem, where she gives birth to Carla Wilhelmina “Carla” Israëls - her second name was chosen in honour of Wilhelmina Hendrika Breukelaar.

When the house of the Ladies Jolink is requisitioned by the Germans, the family Israëls is moved to the farm Rozegaar of the family Abrahams in Halle.


The winter of 1944 is the infamous Hunger Winter. Many people flee the big cities and come to the countryside. Nurse Wilda Kooiker comes to Varsseveld to help the doctor. On 1945 March 5 she writes in her diary mentions that Varsseveld is now home to three thousand evacuees. Not everyone lives to witness the liberation. As punishment for the liquidation of a car with four German soldiers, the Germans consider executing all the young man on the Aaltenschweg. The mayor recommends executing 46 resistance members currently in prison insteadied Yet more people die during British bombing raids. Jan Theodoor Wassink is killed by the bombs, and yet others are killed and wounded by gunfire during his funeral procession. In the last days of the War, Varsseveld is in the firing line. Bart Hofiezer fleas Germany to find the remains of what was once his farm. On 1945 April 1, Varsseveld is liberatedied On 1945 May 10, the Germans capitulate.


Poulie & Droog

Kees Poulie was executed on D-Day. Annie Droog was sent to Ravensbrück, were she met the Ladies Jolink. Unlike them, she survived the camp.


Once the war is over, the family Lindwer-Kern wishes to return to Amsterdam, but are not allowed ot enter their house. They return to Varsseveld where they and the family Hoftiezer go and live in the house of the former loco mayor and collaborator Herman Kranen, across the road from the remains of the farm. The remain their for six month, after which time they are finally able to move back to their house in Amsterdam, where Frieda Lindwer-Kern second son, Willy, is born.

Frieda Lindwer-Kern makes work of prosecuting the traitor G. S.; In 1948 March, G. S. is sentenced to four years of imprisonment and she serves two of those.


The family Israëls-Kern desires to return to Amsterdam too, but are not able to return immediately. Sander Israëls becomes the substitute for doctor Meyerink in Halle. Back in Amsterdam, he starts his own practice, and in September Joop Breukelaar comes to live with him to study medicine in Amsterdam. They help establish the Jewish synagogue Sjoel West in 1957, also known as the “Sander Israëls synagoge”. They have more children, Margot, Marcel and Hadassa, who are all named after deceased family members with their second name. They adopted Eljah Mendels, whose parents, Jonas Mendels and Hetty van Gelder, had died in Auschwitz.

Leo Moczydlower

Leo Moczydlower is liberated from Theresiënstadt. He arrives in Eindhoven together with 50 other “Unbekannte Kinder” (Unknown Children). Mother Sjunka and her sister Regina go there hoping to identify her child, and recognise him by his birthmark. The family Moczydlower-Kern emigrates to Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, where they have another son, Sjonnie.

Gerard Jolink

After the war, Gerard Jolink, the brother of the Ladies Jolink returns to the house on the Aaltenscheweg. The family Houwer lives with him for a while. When they return to their own house, Gerard moves in with his family on De Horste and never talks about his sisters again. He dies on 1950 Aug 20 in the Sophia hospital in Zwolle and is buried in Varsseveld, in the family grave of his parents.


After the raid on the Ladies Jolink, Heintje Lutteraan could not stay at Breukelaar and she moved to the family Witteveen. After the war she returns to Zwolle to live in parents's house. Her brother David died in Auschwitz, her sister Helena in Sobibor and sister Mientje elsewhere. After a while she decides to rent out the empty rooms. Her birthday, February 15, is a bitter reminder of that fateful night in 1944. She dies on 1979 April 30 in Zwolle and is buried on the Jewish Cemetery in Berkum.

Liesje Cozijn

Liesje Cozijn-Groen finds herself a lone survivor. Her husband Barend Cozijn and daughter Sineke died in Auschwitzh.. Her father, her parents-in-law, her sister Rachel Koren-Groen, they all died in Auschwitzh.. She considers emigrating to Australia, but does not do so. She finds the only remaining living family member, her nephew Nathan “Nico” Gosselaar on mother side. They marry on 1946 Aug 30 in Wassenaar. They do not have children. Nico survived Auschwitzh., but had been sterilised in the medical experiments of the camp doctor. They move to Leek en Marum in Groningen. After the death of her second husband, Liesje moves to Bussum and later Scheveningen, where she dies on 2001 Nov 21.

death sentence

On 1946 Nov 3, the special court in 's-Hertogenbosch sentences Ludzer Hoks to death. One of the reasons was his raid together with Kerkdijk on the Ladies Jolink.

The Netherlands had abolished the death sentence from criminal, but not from military and war law. In total, 154 war criminals were sentenced to death, but only 39 were actually executed. Ludzer Hoks was not executed. In most cases, the sentence was mitigated to life imprisonment, often followed by early parole. The last execution of war criminals took place in 1952. In 1983 the Dutch constitution was changed to completely abolish the death sentence.

Ladies Jolink

In May of 1949 the school board of the Christelijke Nationale School proposes to the burgomaster and alderman to rename the part of the Aaltenscheweg inside the built-up area Dames Jolinkweg.

In 1953 the house of the Ladies Jolink, initially rented out, is bought by Wim Bruekelaar. After a while the new owners find several documents hidden within the building, which are presented to the municipal archive.

On 1964 Apr 27 a plaquette commissioned by H. G. Rosen in New York, one of many people saved by the Ladies Jolink is attached.

Halte Varsseveld

In 1995, fifty years af the war, John Breukelaar, grandson of the family Breukelaar, decides to write down the stories his parents and their Jewish visitors keep telling. He research in the publication of the book Halte Varsseveld in 2005.

His parallel research into the history of the family Hirsch was not published as a book, but was made available to family members, and one copy is available in the Historisch Centrum Overijssel (History Centre Overijssel).

Partial genealogies

I often have more information than listed here. It is available to family members. Several errors and omissions have been corrected since first publication. If you spot another error, or can fill in one of the gaps, do not hesitate to let me know.


Fredrik Willem Jolink, born 24 Jun 1859 in Varsseveld, died 7 Feb 1903 in Varsseveld; son of Gerrit Jolink & Frederika Anna Elisabeth Weenink
  1. married 11 Mar 1884 in Zwolle to Hendrika Hermina Hofman, born 22 Apr 1859 in Zwolle, died 9 Mar 1929 in Varsseveld; daughter of Hendrik Gerardus Hofman and Hermina van Keulen.
    1. f. Frederika Anna Elisabeth Jolink, born 24 Feb 1885 in Varsseveld, died 16 Apr 1892.
    2. m. Hendrik Gerhardus “Gerhard” Jolink, born 16 Aug 1886 in Varsseveld,. died 20 Aug 1950 in Zwolle, buried in Varsseveld.
    3. f. Gerritdina “Gerrie” Jolink, born 20 Dec 1888 in Varsseveld. She died 2 Feb 1945 in Ravensbrück.
    4. f. Hermina “Minnie” Jolink, born 9 May 1891 in Varsseveld, died 29 Nov 1944 in Ravensbrück.
    5. f. Frederika Wilhemina Jolink, born 5 Sep 1893 in Varsseveld, died 7 Nov 1918 in Staphorst.
    6. m. Hendrik Herman Jolink. born 28 Dec 1895 in Varsseveld, died 16 Jul 1896 in Varsseveld.


Nicolaas Gitz, born The Hague
  1. married to Catharine Washington Taylor.
    1. m. Nicolaas Walter “Nico” Gitz, born 18 Apr 1921 Paramaribo, died 16 Feb 1944 in Varsseveld, buried in Varsseveld, reburied in Loenen.
    2. m. Eelo Gitz, born 7 Mar 1922 in Paramaribo.
      1. married to Lien Boerstra.
        1. They have four children.


Johan Willem “Johan” Breukelaar, born 30 Nov 1888 in Varsseveld, died 19 Feb 1955 in Varsseveld; son of Wessel Breukelaar & Johanna Hermina Lammers.
  1. married 29 Apr 1920 in Wisch to Wilhelmina Hendrika “Mina” Rhebergen, born 11 May 1897 in Aalten, died 12 Jan 1957 in Varsseveld; daughter of Willem Rhebergen & Mina Berendina te Brake.
    1. f. “Anny” Breukelaar born about 1922.
    2. m. “Wim” Breukelaar, born about 1923.
    3. m. “Joop” Breukelaar, born about 1926.
    4. f. “Mieneke” Breukelaar, about 1934.


Wolf Kern, born 23 Jan 1878 in Nowotanice, Poland, died 8 Apr 1944 in Varsseveld, clandestine burial, reburial in Muiderberg; son of Jonas Kern & Chaja Leah Bartl.
  1. married to Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald, born about 1883 Nowotanice, Poland, died about 1961.
    1. f. Sjunka Kern. married to Bernhard Moczydlower, see Moczydlower-Kern.
    2. f. Bracha Kern.
      1. married to Meyer Friedman, see Friedman-Kern.
    3. f. Chawa Kern, born about 1905.
      1. married to Zelig Wald, see Wald-Kern.
    4. f. Margula “Gusta” Kern, born 13 Mar 1908, Nowotanice, Poland.
      1. married to Henry “Harry” Mulder, see Mulder-Kern.
    5. f. Frieda Kern, born about 1908 in Preszmsyl, Poland.
      1. married to Bernard Lindwer, see Lindwer-Kern.
    6. f. Regina “Rivka” Kern, born about 1916.
      1. married 11 Jun 1940, in Amsterdam to Sander Israëls, see Israëls-Kern.
    7. m. Jonasz Kern, born 19 Jun 1918 in Kadolany, Poland.
    8. m. Abraham Izak Kern, born 30 Oct 1923 in Preszmsyl, Poland.


Bernhard Moczydlower.
  1. married to Sjunka Kern; daughter of Wolf Kern & Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald.
    1. m. Leo Moczydlower.
    2. m. Ronny Moczydlower.


Meyer Friedman.
  1. married to Bracha Kern; daughter of Wolf Kern & Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald.
    1. f. Israeli Friedman.
    2. f. Judith Friedman.
    3. f. Rachel Friedman.


Zelig Wald
  1. married to Chawa Kern; daughter of Wolf Kern & Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald.
    1. m. Oscar Wald.
    2. m. Jakob Wald.


Henry “Harry” Mulder, born 10 Jan 1912, Amsterdam, died 31 Jul 1944, Central Europe.
  1. married to Margula “Gusta” Kern, born 13 Mar 1908, Nowotanice, Poland, died 6 Mar 1944, Auschwitz; daughter of Wolf Kern & Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald.


Bernard Lindwer, born about 1909 in Delatyn, Poland.
  1. married to Frieda Kern, born about 1908 in Preszmsyl, Poland, died about 1989 in Amsterdam; daughter of Wolf Kern & Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald.
    1. m. Jonas Lindwer, alias Jopie Lindwer, born 1938 in Amsterdam, died 1991 in Enschede
      1. married ... ....
        1. There are children.
    2. m. Willy Lindwer, born in Amsterdam.
      1. married to Hanna Emanuels.
        1. They have two children.


Sander Israëls.
  1. married 11 Jun 1940, in Amsterdam to Regina “Rivka” Kern alias Regina Bottema, born about 1916; daughter of Wolf Kern & Basje Gitlel “Bash Gitla” Wald.
    1. f. Carla Wilhelmina “Carla” Israëls, born 19 Dec 1944, Doetinchem.
      1. married Jitschak Perlstein.
        1. f. Shani Perlstein.
          1. married to Roni ....
        2. m. Benny Perlstein.
        3. f. Batja Perlstein.
          1. married to Tzachi ...
            1. m. Bennie ...
            2. u. Dafna ....
            3. f. Noa ....
            4. u. Itamar ....
    2. f. Margot ... “Margot” Israëls.
      1. married to Louis Cohen
        1. f. Masja Cohen.
        2. f. Nadja Cohen.
    3. m. Marcel ... “Marcel” Israëls.
    4. f. Hadassa ... “Hadassa” Israëls
      1. married to Gerrit Jan .....
    5. Eljah Mendels, adopted son of Jonas Mendels & Hetty van Gelder.
      1. married to Bea Vega.
        1. u. Jona Mendels.
        2. u. Ofra Mendels.
        3. u. Ori Mendel.

According to page 130 of Halte Varsseveld, Bennie is the son of Carla. The overview that start on page 131 and continues on page 132 shows Bennie as the son of Batja, and thus a grandchild of Carla. A descendant informed me the former is correct. The overview of names is confused. That overview is the main source for this genealogy fragment, so it may still be just as confused.


Abraham Cozijn, born 30 Jun 1885 in Amsterdam, died 8 Oct 1942 in Auschwitz; son of Barend Cozijn & Elisabeth Blitz.
  1. married 12 Aug 1908 in Amsterdam to Sippora Premseler, born 1 Dec 1885 in Amsterdam, died 17 Sep 1942 in Auschwitz; daughter of Mozes Premseler & Saartje Corper.
    1. m. Barend Cozijn, born 6 May 1909, Amsterdam, died 31 Jul 1944, Auschwitz.
      1. married 10 Jan 1934, in Amsterdam to Anna Elisabeth “Liesje” Groen, see Cozijn-Groen.
    2. f. Sara “Selma” Cozijn, born 16 Apr 1912 in Amsterdam, died 19 Nov 1943 in Auschwitz.
      1. married 6 Dec 1939 to Sander van Gelder, born 21 Mar 1913 in Oberhausen, Germany, dies 4 Feb 1945 Auschwitz; son of Joseph Leendert van Gelder & Rozetta van Gelder.
        1. f. Rosita “Rita” van Gelder, born 16 Nov 1941
    3. m. Hartog Cozijn, born 12 Nov 1913 in Amsterdam, died 30 Sep 1942, Auschwitz.
      1. married 20 Mar 1939 in Amsterdam to Rachel Rijne, born 15 Dec 1913 in Amsterdam, died 30 Sep 1942 in Auschwitz; daughter of Isaac Rijne & Esther Bas.


Barend Cozijn, born 6 May 1909, Amsterdam, died 31 Jul 1944, Auschwitz; son of Abraham Cozijn & Sippora Premseler.
  1. married 10 Jan 1934, in Amsterdam to Anna Elisabeth “Liesje” Groen, born 11 Dec 1909 in Amsterdam, Amsterdam, died 21 Nov 2001 in Scheveningen; daughter of David Groen & Mina Gosselaar.
    1. f. Sineke “Sinie” Cozijn, born 10 Apr 1937, Amsterdam, died 6 Mar 1944, Auschwitz.
Anna Elisabeth “Liesje” Groen
  1. married 10 Jan 1934, in Amsterdam to Barend Cozijn
  2. married 30 Aug 1946 in Wassenaar to Nathan “Nico” Gosselaar, born 15 Apr 1902 in The Hague, died 30 Jan 1977 in Groningen; son of Hartog Gosselaar & Sara Fresco.


Karel Meents, born 22 Nov 1904, Amsterdam; son of Marcus Meents & Esther Polka
  1. married 10 Jan 1934, Amsterdam to Suze “Saartje” Valenca, born 1 Nov 1906, Bercken, Belgium; daughter of David Valenca & Betje Groen.
    1. m. Robert “Rob” Meents. Living.
    2. f. Mary Meents. Living.


Samuel Juda Simonszoon Hirsch, born 22 Oct 1872 in Amsterdam, died 11 Aug 1941 in Zwolle, buried 13 Aug 1941 Berkum; son of Simon Azaria Hirsch & Ganna Spitz.
  1. married 4 Nov 1902 in Karlsrühe, married 8 Dec 1902 in Zwolle to Betty Wormser, born 6 Jan 1877 in Karlsrühe, died 23 Jul 1943 Sobibor; daughter of Rafael Wormser and Jennij Hirsch.
    1. f. Ganna Hirsch, born 11 Nov 1903 in Zwolle, died 23 Jul 1943, Sobibor.
      1. married to Izak Vredenburg, see Vredenburg-Hirsch
    2. m. Raphael Hirsch, born 28 Jan 1905 in Zwolle, died 5 Dec 1944 in Bergen-Belsen.
    3. m. Simon Azaria Hirsch, born 20 Aug 1906 in Zwolle, died 5 Oct 1906 in Zwolle.
    4. m. Joseph Izak Hirsch, born 26 Feb 1908 in Zwolle, died 29 Jan 1909 in Zwolle.
    5. f. Ella Hirsch, 19 Oct 1909, in Zwolle.
      1. married to Simon Azaria Colthof, see Colthof-Hirsch
    6. f. Lea Hirsch, born 07 Nov 1910 in Zwolle, died 23 Jul 1943 in Sobibor.
    7. f. Esther Hirsch, born 29 Jan 1912 in Zwolle, died 15 Feb 1943 in Auschwitz.
      1. married to Abraham Polak, see Polak-Hirsch
    8. m. Bentsion Baruch Hirsch, born 27 Mar 1913 in Zwolle, died 18 Apr 1946 in Senftenberg, Germany.
      1. married to Renee Selma Nathans, see Hirsch-Nathans
    9. m. Frederik Jacob “Fried” Hirsch, born 3 Dec 1914 in Zwolle.
      1. married to Gerda Kahn, see Hirsch-Kahn
    10. f. Helena Hirsch, born 21 Feb 1916 in Zwolle, died 23 Jul 1943 in Sobibor.
    11. f. Jenny Hirsch, born 17 Aug 1917 in Zwolle, died 23 Jul 1943 in Sobibor.
      1. married to Nathan “Nico” van Zwaanenburg, see Van Zwaanenburg-Hirsch
    12. f. Rebecca Rosa Hirsch, born 10 Nov 1919 in Zwolle, died 23 Jul 1943 in Sobibor.


  1. Izak Vredenburg, born 16 Nov 1904 Amsterdam, died 23 Jul 1943 Sobibor; son of Joel Joseph Vredenburg & Esther Bamberger. married to Ganna Hirsch, born 11 Nov 1903, Zwolle, died 23 Jul 1943, Sobibor; daughter of Samuel Juda Simonszoon Hirsch & Betty Wormser.
    1. f. Judith Julie Vredenburg, born 17 Jul 1936, Amsterdam, died 23 Jul 1943 Sobibor.
    2. f. Simon Azaria Vredenburg, born 14 Apr 1938, Amsterdam, died 23 Jul 1943 Sobibor.
    3. f. Jacob Menachem Vredenburg, born 20 Jul 1939, Amsterdam, died 23 Jul 1943 Sobibor.
    4. f. Raphael Salomon Vredenburg, born 11 Jun 1941, Amsterdam, died 23 Jul 1943 Sobibor.
    5. f. Samuel Juda Vredenburg, born about 1942, Amsterdam, died 19 Jun 1943 Westerbork.


Simon Azaria Colthof, born 2 Dec 1904 in Roermond, died 3 Mar 1998 in Jerusalem; son of Aron Benjamin Colthof & Esther Hirsch.
  1. married 18 Jan 1934 in Amsterdam to Ella Hirsch, in Zwolle; daughter of Samuel Juda Simonszoon Hirsch & Betty Wormser.
    1. They had five children, including Esther Colthof, born 20 Jul 1943, in Amsterdam, died 27 Nov 1943, in Westerbork.


Abraham Polak, born 27 May 1909 in Groningen, died 13 Feb 1943 in Auschwitz; son Eduard Polak & Helena Wilhelmina van der Wijk
  1. married 23 Mar 1938 in Zwolle to Esther Hirsch, born 29 Jan 1912 in Zwolle, died 15 Feb 1943 in Auschwitz; daughter of Samuel Juda Simonszoon Hirsch & Betty Wormser.
    1. m. Eduard Polak, born 3 Feb 1939 in Groningen, died 15 Feb 1943 in Auschwitz.
    2. m. Samuel Juda Polak, born 7 Jan 1941 in Groningen, died 15 Feb 1943 in Auschwitz.


Bentsion Baruch Hirsch, born 27 Mar 1913 in Zwolle, died 18 Apr 1946 in Senftenberg, Germany; son of Samuel Juda Simonszoon Hirsch & Betty Wormser.
  1. married to Renee Selma Nathans; daughter of Samuel Benjamin Nathans & Netje Philippina Zadoks.
    1. f. Shulamith Bettie Hirsch.
    2. f. Judith Nettie Hirsch.
  1. married to Eli Munk.


Frederik Jacob “Fried” Hirsch; son of Samuel Juda Simonszoon Hirsch & Betty Wormser.
  1. married to Gerda Kahn.
    1. m.Chaim Jochanan Hirsch.

Van Zwaanenburg-Hirsch

Nathan “Nico” van Zwaanenburgh.
  1. married 4 Nov 1940 in Zwolle to Jenny Hirsch, born 17 Aug 1917 in Zwolle, died 23 Jul 1943 in Sobidor; daughter of Samuel Juda Simonszoon Hirsch & Betty Wormser.
    1. m. Jozua van Zwaanenburgh, born 22 Jan 1942 in Zwolle, died 24 Jan 1942 in Zwolle.
    2. f. Mirjam Chaja van Zwaanenburgh, born 1 Jan 1943 in Zwolle, died 23 Jul 1943 in Sobidor.


Levi Lutteraan, born 1 May 1855 in Zwolle, died 19 Feb 1943 in Zwolle; son of David Lutteraan & Mietjen Meijer
  1. married 2 Jun 1881, in Zwolle to Susanna Davidson, born 26 Nov 1851 in Zwolle, died 25 May 1927 in Zwolle; daughter of Salomon Davidson & Hendrina Godschalk
    1. m. Maurits Lutteraan, born 7 Apr 1886, Zwolle, died 6 Mar 1944, Auschwitz.
    2. m. Helena Lutteraan, born 14 Jun 1887, Zwolle, died 2 Jul 1943, Sobibor.
    3. f. Heintje Lutteraan alias “Marie” born 15 Feb 1890, Zwolle, died 30 apr 1979, Zwolle.
    4. f. Mietje Lutteraan; born 15 Feb 1890, Zwolle.
    5. m. David Lutteraan; born 15 Nov 1895, Zwolle, died 18 Oct 1942, Poland.


Joost Johannes Gerardus Boot, born 12 Dec 1902 in Haarlemmermeer, died 20 Jan 2002 in Haarlem; son of Arie Boot & Maatje Commerina Dunweg
  1. married 23 Sep 1926, in Nieuwer-Amstel (renamed Amstelveen) to Wilhelmina Antoinette Collijn, born 6 Aug 1901 in Niewer-Amstel, died 26 Nov 1971 in Ede.
  2. married 8 Dec 1977, in Amstelveen to Berthe Siertsema, born 5 Nov 1917 in Gramsbergen, died 10 Sep 2001 in Haarlem.

Genealogy sources

The partial genealogies are based on personal research into the family Jolink, personal communication with Willy Lindwer, other family members, information published in Halte Varsseveld, personal communication with its author John Breukelaar and various third-party sources, listed below.

Blijven Verhalen Blijven

Blijven Verhalen Blijven (ISBN 90-75665-98-9, Uitgeverij Kontrast, 120 pages) is a book by Don P. S. Goossens published on the occasion of Eelo Gitz & Lien Boerstra's 60th wedding anniversary.

Includes a partial genealogy.

Genealogie Rhebergen

Contains the family Breukelaar-Rhebergen

Genealogy Souget

Contains information on the family Hirsh


Ben Noah's genealogical web site contains information on the family Hirsh.

The Levie Kanes Dutch Jewish Genealogical Collection

Ben Kanes's genealogical database contains more than 200.000 (!) individuals, including the Hirsh family.

Genealogie van Aron Salomons Coltof

J. de Vries & M.H. de Vries-Coltof's Genealogy of Aron Salomons Coltof, born about 1745 includes post-war Colthof generations.

Parenteel van Nathan Godslaars

The genealogy of Nathan Godslaars by Erwin Geerlof Antonius “Erwin” van den Haak contains Anna Elisabeth “Liesje” Groen and both her husbands, Barend Cozijn and Nathan “Nico” Gosselaar.

Huwelijken gesloten bij de Joodse Gemeente Amsterdam 1834 - 1937

Database of Jewish marriages in Amsterdam between 6 Jul 1834 and 30 Dec 1937, created by Dave Verdooner.


The one name research Boot, by Genealogisch Team familienaam Boot includes a separate page on Joost Johannes Gerardus Boot.


"Halte Varsseveld" by Johan Willem Breukelaar

The Oudheidkundige Werkgemeenschap A.D.W. published Halte Varsseveld by Johan Willem Breukelaar. The first printing, presented on 2005 Apr 27, is a run of just thousand copies. The book is availlable while supplies last through Boekhandel Rutgers.

Burgemeester in Bezettingstijd

The book Burgemeester in bezettingstijd by Joost Johannes Gerardus Boot, published by Uitgeverij Semper Agendo N.V. in Apeldoorn, is about his time as mayor of Wisch during the occupation. With a brief foreword by historian Loe de Jong (1914-2005).

The book has a name register in the back. This name register misspells the name Jolink as Joling; in the rest of the book, their name is spelled correctly.

Includes a list of major event in Wisch from 1944 Sep 15 till 1945 May 8.

Wisch in bezettingstijd

The book Wisch in bezettingstijd by Leo E. Bruil Traanboer, published by in 1987 by Firma Gebroeders De Boer in Aalten, is about Wisch during the occupation.

Contains a list of war victims in Varsseveld & Wisch

92nd Memorial Association

The website of the 92nd has lots of historical information including crew lists and mission reports.


Varsseveld, monument voor de dames Jolink

Photo and description of the plaquette in the Oorlogsmonument & Herdenkingen (War Monuments and Remembrances) database of the National Comité 4 en 5 Mei (National Committee 4 and 5 May).

The Willy Lindwer Film & Video Collection

Willy Lindwer is an internationally recognised author and filmmaker. This site offers a bibliography, videography, overview of his many awards, including an International Emmy Award for The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank and several trailers, including the Trailer for Goodbye Holland: The Destruction of the Dutch Jewry.

Wikipedia: Harmina Jolink

Dutch Wikipedia entry for Harmina Jolink.

There is a news item about errors the Wikipedia entries for the Ladies Jolink.

Wikipedia: Willy Lindwer

Wikipedia entry for Willy Lindwer.

Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland: Samuel Juda Hirsch

The biography of Samuel Juda Hirsch in the Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland (Biographical Dictionary of the Netherlands).

Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland: Helena Theodora Rietberg

The biography of Helena Theodora Rietberg alias “Tante Riek” in the Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland (Biographical Dictionary of the Netherlands.

Digital Monument to the Jewish Community in the Netherlands
Kamp Westerbork

Herinneringscentrum Kamp Westerbork (Memorial Centre Camp Westerbork).

Kamp Vught

Nationaal Monument Kamp Vught (National Monument Camp Vught).

Includes List of Deceased in Camp Vught, with brief biographies for many of those.

Kamp Amersfoort

Nationaal Monument Kamp Amersfoort (National Monument Camp Amersfoort).

Includes In Memoriam, a list of all who died in Kamp Amersfoort or moved through towards their death.


Comité Vrouwenconcentratiekamp Ravensbrück (Committe Women Concentration Camp Ravensbrück).


Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau.